This article contains a list of the current anti-malaria medication used when travelling within Africa.

Information extracted from the Malaria - Topics in International Health CD-ROM published by the Wellcome Trust, and from a Roll Back Malaria information booklet Introduction.

Monday, 17 December 2012 10:40

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Monday, 17 December 2012 10:38

What is the purpose of this website

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This site will provide the health risks for travel in South Africa. It will also provide appropriate advice, information on mass gatherings, travel advisories and outbreaks nationally and internationally.

Monday, 17 December 2012 10:34

Website Terms of Use – User Agreement

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Please read the following terms and conditions with care before using this website. By accessing or using the South African National Travel Health Network (SANTHNET) site, you consent to the following terms and conditions.

These are areas where the virus is present in monkeys and is a potential risk to humans as defined by the World Health Organisation. Some of these countries demand a yellow fever certificate from travellers as a condition of entry to their country. Many of these, and other countries, will ask you for a certificate if you are entering from an infected country.

Malaria is a serious, sometimes fatal, tropical disease spread by mosquito bites.  The World Health Organization estimates 3.3 billion people (half the world’s population) are at risk from malaria, with approximately 250 million cases and nearly one million deaths every year. 

Dengue is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses. It occurs in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. Symptoms appear 3—14 days after the infective bite. Dengue fever is a febrile illness that affects infants, young children and adults.

Symptoms range from a mild fever, to incapacitating high fever, with severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rash. There are no specific antiviral medicines for dengue. It is important to maintain hydration. Use of acetylsalicylic acid (e.g. aspirin) and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. Ibuprofen) is not recommended.

Dengue haemorrhagic fever (fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding) is a potentially lethal complication, affecting mainly children. Early clinical diagnosis and careful clinical management by experienced physicians and nurses increase survival of patients.

Cholera is a serious illness caused by several different types of bacteria. It is spread by drinking or eating contaminated water and food.

The best prevention is personal protection against the mosquito. Malaria mosquitoes generally bite after dark, wear long sleeves and trousers in the afternoon and evening; stay in-doors if possible. Use insect repellent on exposed skin.

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Important Notice

You are advised to visit your general practice surgery or a travel medicine clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel. However, it is never too late to seek advice.

If you have a medical condition, you are advised to discuss the suitability of the trip before you book.

 

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