Yellow fever is a viral disease, found in tropical regions of Africa and the Americas. It principally affects humans and monkeys, and is transmitted via the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. It can produce devastating outbreaks, which can be prevented and controlled by mass vaccination campaigns.
Influenza is a viral infection that affects mainly the nose, throat, bronchi and, occasionally, lungs. Infection usually lasts for about a week, and is characterized by sudden onset of high fever, aching muscles, headache and severe malaise, non-productive cough, sore throat and rhinitis.
General travel health advice for travelling to South Africa, including routine and recommended vaccinations. Details on - Yellow Fever, Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Poliomyelitis, Hepatitis, Typhoid Fever, Cholera, Rabies
Updated 06 July 2016
The SaNTHNet board is made up of the following:
Dr. Frew Benson, South African National Department of Health.
Prof. Lucille Blumberg, The National Institute for Communicable Diseases
Dr. Garth Brink, South African Society of Travel Medicine
Mrs. Marion Blewitt, Administrator
This site will provide the health risks for travel in South Africa. It will also provide appropriate advice, information on mass gatherings, travel advisories and outbreaks nationally and internationally.
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These are areas where the virus is present in monkeys and is a potential risk to humans as defined by the World Health Organisation. Some of these countries demand a yellow fever certificate from travellers as a condition of entry to their country. Many of these, and other countries, will ask you for a certificate if you are entering from an infected country.
Malaria is a serious, sometimes fatal, tropical disease spread by mosquito bites. The World Health Organization estimates 3.3 billion people (half the world’s population) are at risk from malaria, with approximately 250 million cases and nearly one million deaths every year.
You are advised to visit your general practice surgery or a travel medicine clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel. However, it is never too late to seek advice.
If you have a medical condition, you are advised to discuss the suitability of the trip before you book.