Frequently Asked Questions

Information found in this section is supplied by the National Institute of Communicable Diseases', Outbreak Response Unit, Division of Public Health Surveillance and Response.

For more information on these or other diseases not listed here, please visit

For Medical/clinical related queries: Contact the NICD Hotline +27 82 883 9920 (for use by healthcare professionals only).

Guidelines and other useful resources are available on the NICD website:

Avian Influenza FAQ

Avian influenza, also known as ‘avian flu’ or ‘bird flu’ is an infection- usually of…

Chicken Pox FAQ

Chickenpox is an infectious disease characterized by fever and a blister-like rash caused by varicella-zoster…

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) FAQ

CCHF is a zoonotic disease caused by the CCHF virus, a Nairovirus which is member of the…

Dengue Fever FAQ

    Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection transmitted by the Aedes mosquitoes, which…

Diptheria FAQ

Diphtheria is a contagious and potentially life-threatening bacterial infection.

Ebola Virus Disease FAQ

Ebola virus disease (EVD) (previously known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever), is a severe, often fatal…

Hepatitis A FAQ

Hepatitis A, also known as infectious hepatitis, is a viral disease of the liver. 

Hepatitis B FAQ

HBV is a contagious viral disease that affects the liver. 

Influenza FAQ

Influenza also called flu is an acute viral respiratory infection, transmitted by the influenza virus.…

Lassa Fever FAQ

Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic illness that was first discovered in 1969 when two…

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Important Notice

You are advised to visit your general practice surgery or a travel medicine clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel. However, it is never too late to seek advice.

If you have a medical condition, you are advised to discuss the suitability of the trip before you book.


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