GUIDELINES FOR THE TREATMENT OF MALARIA IN SOUTH AFRICA 2016

The Department of Health and the South African Malaria Elemination Committee (SAMEC)

South Africa has played a leading role in the control of malaria for almost a century and has dramatically reduced its burden of malaria since 2000. This has paved the way for our commitment to eliminate malaria READ MORE ...

 

Tuesday, 18 December 2012 15:18

Malaria drug list

Country Name

Malaria in Country

Drug Resistance

Malaria Type

Prophylaxis for Areas with Malaria

South Africa

Present in the Mpumalanga Province, Limpopo (Northern) Province, and northeastern KwaZulu-Natal as far south as the Tugela River.ᅠPresent in Kruger National Park.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Angola

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5%, P. vivax 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Botswana

Present in the following districts: Northwest, Chobe, Central, Northeast, and Ghanzi. None in the cities of Gaborone and Francistown.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5%, P. vivax 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Burundi

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 86%, P. vivax 12%, P. malariae 2%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Comoros

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum primarily

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Congo

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5-10%, P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Congo, DRC

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5-10%, P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Kenya

Present in all areas (including game parks) at altitudes <2,500m (<8,202ft).ᅠNone in Nairobi.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 85%, P. vivax 5-10%, P. ovale up to 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Lesotho

None

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Madagascar

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 85%, P. vivax 5-10%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Malawi

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax 10%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Mozambique

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 95%, P. malariae and P. ovale 5%, P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Namibia

Present in the provinces of Kunene, Ohangwena, Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa,and the Caprivi Strip.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax 10%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Rwanda

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >85%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Swaziland

Present in eastern areas bordering Mozambique and South Africa, including all of Lubombo district and the eastern half of Hhohho and Shiselweni districts.

Chloroquine

p. falciparum 90%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Tanzania

All areas at altitudes <1,800m (<5,906ft).

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >85%, P. malariae and P. ovale >10%, and P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Zambia

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >90%, P. vivax up to 5%, P. ovale up to 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Zimbabwe

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >90%, P. vivax up to 5%, P. ovale up to 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

 

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Read 42125 times Last modified on Thursday, 10 April 2014 12:34
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